GROUP WORK – ANALYSIS (40 MIN)
Divide the participants into four groups. Give each group a pre-prepared flipchart sheet and marker pens.
Point to the flipchart sheet with the steps of the process written up. Reveal step one and explain the following:
STEP 1: Identify a specific FORB problem that you want to tackle. Write this in the triangle space (5 MIN).
Ask each group to discuss and agree one specific problem they want to work on and write this up in the triangle on their flipchart diagram. (Ideally, the participants should have identified specific problems they would like to work on in prior exercises).
Remember to encourage the group to be as specific as possible in defining the problem. For example, instead of saying that the problem is ‘intolerance’ they could say:
- Minority children are being bullied at the local school, or
- Local religious or political leaders or local media are using hate speech.
Instead of saying minority (or all) women are vulnerable, they might say:
- High rates of school dropout among (minority) girls,
- Street harassment, especially of minority women, or
- Early and forced marriage.
And instead of saying government discrimination they might say:
- Local police do not investigate crimes against people from minorities properly, or
- Community X can’t get permission to build a place of worship.
After the groups have completed this step, reveal step 2 on the flipchart sheet:
STEP 2: What would you like to see instead of the violation? Try to be specific in describing the solution. Write this up on your flipchart sheet (5 MIN).
After the groups have completed this step, reveal step 3 on the flipchart sheet:
STEP 3: What pillars of power (institutions, groups or ideas) prop up this problem and what are their sources of power? Write these in two different colours (one for pillars, one for sources) in the diagonal pillars (30 MIN).
KNOWLEGE INPUT (10 MIN)Session 2 Handout – FORB in my day (smc.global)
Before introducing step four, give a brief overview of approaches to tackling the problem i.e., non-violent methods, human rights tactics, or other strategies that fit within the organisational vision and mission.
You could share handouts of ‘198 ideas for non-violent action’ or use the ready-made Local Changemakers Course PowerPoint presentation ‘Talking tactics’ and put the accompanying tactics posters up on a wall for participants to look for a few minutes.
GROUP WORK – IDENTIFY METHODS / TACTICS / STRATEGIES (50 MIN)
Continue the group work with the following steps, revealing one at a time:
Step 4: What could your group do to change the power structures upholding this injustice? Identify methods/tactics/strategies they could use to weaken or bring down each pillar and list these under each pillar on your diagram (30 MIN).
Step 5: Which pillar is most significant? Is there a pillar that would be most strategic for your group to tackle first, due to your capacity/expertise/resources? Highlight this on your diagram (10 MIN).
Step 6: Which method/tactic/strategy would be the best starting point for tackling that particular pillar? Who could be your allies on this? Expand on this under that pillar (10 MIN).
Ask each group to appoint a spokesperson who will briefly present the problem, their solution, the most significant pillar and sources of power, and their chosen method/tactic/strategy for tackling this along with allies.
TIP! Why not schedule a break or introduce an energiser at this point? Check out the ‘Icebreakers and energisers’ section for inspiration.
GROUP PRESENTATIONS AND PLENARY DISCUSSION (50 MIN)
Invite each spokesperson to present their group’s work (5 min/group, plus 5 minutes question and answer session from the rest of the participants).
Lead a brief plenary discussion with the following questions:
- What reflections or insights about your context are you taking away from this exercise?
- Which of the tactics / methods / strategies proposed by the different groups did you think would be most effective? Why?