PLENARY DISCUSSION (15 MIN)
Together with the participants, analyse a simple problem (real or imagined) that is relevant to your context and easy to understand using the problem tree model, e.g., the price of fuel is increasing every week or frequent blackouts. This problem does not need to be related to FORB, the purpose is to explain the model.
GROUPWORK (40 MIN)
Divide participants into groups of 5-8.
Ask each group to identify a problem related to FORB that impacts upon their local context. Encourage them to be as specific as possible in defining the problem. Point out that the more specific the problem they identify is, the more useful their analysis will be!
For example, instead of defining the problem as ‘discrimination’ they might choose ‘Police discriminate by refusing to document crimes reported by members of minority X’ or ‘Community X can’t get permission to build a place of worship’. Instead of identifying intolerance as the problem they could choose ‘Minority children are being bullied at the local school’, or ‘Local religious or political leaders or local media are using hate speech’, or ‘Street harassment of minority women in religious dress’. Allow 10 minutes for this before moving on.
Ask each group to draw a tree, beginning with the trunk and writing the problem they chose in it. Then, analyse the root causes of the problem, drawing the tree’s roots and writing causes among them. Finally identify the consequences of the problem, drawing the branches of the tree and writing the consequences among them. Encourage the groups to explore social, economic, and political root causes including attitudes, behaviours and rules/laws/policies. Allow 20 minutes for this before moving on.
Ask groups to move on and discuss the following questions:
- What are the most serious consequences?
- Which root causes will be easier to address/more difficult to address? Why?
- Identify one specific action they as individuals/their organisations could take to address the problem.
(If participants work for the same civil society organisation, adapt the last two questions as follows: Discuss which of the root causes and effects of the problem your organisation currently works with. Which root causes would it be strategic to work with in future?)
PRESENTATIONS TO PLENARY (20 MIN)
Ask each group to present their problem tree and their reflections on the discussion questions (5 min/group).