Tools for decision makers

For legislators, public officials and diplomats

Picture of three people debating at conference.Picture of three people debating at conference.

States bear responsibility for ensuring that human rights are realised. Here you can find resources to help you in your role as a human rights duty bearer.

  • Resources to help you understand the right and apply it in your context.
  • Guidance and guidelines for specific legislative and policy areas
  • Information about FORB networks for decision makers

Learn about FORB and how to promote it

International networks for decision makers

Guidelines for diplomats

Picture of EU flags.Picture of EU flags.

EU Guidelines for the promotion and protection of freedom of religion or belief

The Guidelines explain international human rights standards on FORB and give clear political lines to officials of EU institutions and EU Member States, to be used in contacts with third countries and with international and civil society organisations. They provide officials with practical guidance on how to seek to prevent violations of FORB.

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Guidance on specific legislative/thematic areas

The Rabat Plan of Action on the Prohibition of Incitement to Hatred

Freedom of expression is a fundamental right, indispensable in democratic societies. However, this right is not an absolute right, and may be lawfully restricted according to certain principles and conditions. Under international human rights law, and specifically article 20 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), certain kinds of speech may be prohibited by law. Incitement to hatred is such an example of unprotected speech. The United Nations Rabat Plan of Action on the Prohibition of Incitement to Hatred provides a comprehensive set of factors for States to address this issue, drawing a clear line between freedom of expression and incitement to hatred and violence. Film published by UNESCO.

Find information about FORB in particular countries

Information and links